Background matters, but not whether parents are immigrants: Outcomes of children born in Denmark


In Europe, the children of migrants often have worse economic outcomes than those with local-born parents. This paper shows that children born in Denmark with immigrant parents (first-generation locals) have lower earnings, higher unemployment, less education, more welfare transfers, and more criminal convictions than children with local-born parents. However, when we condition on parental socio-economic characteristics, first-generation locals generally perform as well or slightly better than the children of locals. Our results suggest that there is little distinctive about being a child of immigrants, other than the fact that they are more likely to come from deprived backgrounds.

Mathias Fjællegaard Jensen
Mathias Fjællegaard Jensen
Postdoctoral Research Fellow

Mathias Fjællegaard Jensen is a postdoctoral research fellow at the Department of Economics, University of Oxford. His current research projects focus on the roles of gender and family in the labour market.